All About Physiotherapy And How It Helps Neuro, Cardio And Ortho Patients
Physiotherapy is a popular method of treatment which majorly focuses on the science of movement and facilitates the people to properly maintain, restore and maximize their physical strength, motion & function by properly addressing all the underlying issues of the physical functionality.
Physiotherapists are experts in offering physiotherapy treatment majorly for the below-mentioned issues:
- Preventing disability & injury
- Managing chronic & acute conditions
- Maintaining & improving physical performance optimally
- Rehabilitating the effects of serious disabilities/diseases and injuries
- Educating the patients in preventing the re-occurrence of any injury
Patients are usually referred to seek the expert assistance of the physiotherapists for various health issues and majorly the neuro, cardio, and ortho-patients are often referred to receive physiotherapy. Here is how physiotherapy can help the neuro, cardio and ortho patients.
Physiotherapy for neuro patients
Neurological disorders are the issues with one or a combination of the human central nervous system. The disorders may appear in the peripheral systems as well as the neuromuscular junctions, cranial nerves, and the automatic nervous systems.
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Parkinson’s disease
- Multiple sclerosis
How can physiotherapy help in healing the neurological disorders?
Physiotherapy has evolved as a major form of treatment where physical forms of treatments like exercises, massages, heat treatment and other controlled forms of external stimuli are being used for treating the physical disorders. These methods of treatments have proved to be beneficial in correcting the various neurological disorders.
Popular physiotherapy techniques which are implemented to help the patients with neurological problems are as follows:
Heat treatment– This particular method of treatment involves the applying of the heat on the parts of the body like the muscles and joints where there are muscle or nerve damage.
Electrical stimulation– This particular method of treatment is commonly being used in order to treat the muscle problems, especially those which are incurred due to some injury or accident. In this particular method, the controlled electric stimulation is being given to the specific nerve areas in order to stimulate them. This is an external method of treatment and does not require the hazard of hospitalizing the patient.
Cold or ice treatment– This is vertically opposite to the existing popular principle of heat treatment. The cold treatment is intended to contract the muscles within the body of the patient and is especially effective where the inflammation requires a control.
Manual therapy– This is indeed the most common type of physiotherapy technique where various treatment processes like pressure points, massages, strengthening exercises and stretching are being used in order to regularize the nerve impulses in the spots they have been affected.
Physiotherapy for Cardio patients
Cardiovascular disease includes various conditions like heart attack, angina, and stroke. The heart diseases are caused due to a gradual buildup of the deposits of fats in the coronary arteries. This eventually leads to a diseased condition called angina.
If the fatty deposit fragments away from the wall of the artery, it leads to formation of a clot that happens to travel to the blood-stream, lodging there in the blood-stream and then cutting off the supply to the heart which results into a heart attack or if the blood supply is stopped to brain, then this leads to stroke.
Most of the patients who suffer from cardiovascular diseases might also have additional health issues like arthritis & back pain, diabetes and respiratory diseases like asthma.
How can physiotherapy help in healing the cardiovascular disorders?
The physiotherapy-focused Cardiac Rehabilitation programs have proved to be considerably more efficient in reduction of mortality. This improves the quality of life and improves the health considerably. It helps in reducing the hospital stay and then reduces the chances of hospital readmissions.
These physiotherapy sessions also help the cardiac patients to return back to normal lifestyle and facilitates self-management of their changed lifestyle. The intervention of the physiotherapists is very necessary for the cardiac treatments as they are able to detect and treat the non-cardiac issues in the cardiac patients like back pain, arthritis, joint replacements etc. After the detection of the non-cardiac conditions in the cardiac patients, the physiotherapists engage the cardiac patients safely in the relevant exercise sessions. The component of the safe exercise is crucial & undoubtedly demonstrates better results as compared to the traditional care.
Physiotherapy for ortho patients
If an individual is suffering from an illness or injury that affects the joints, bones, tendons, ligaments, and muscles, then opting for the skilled orthopaedic physiotherapy is indeed very necessary. Orthopedic physiotherapy is majorly focused on treating those medical conditions that affect the musculoskeletal system which is made up of the muscles, joints, ligaments, bones, and tendons. The orthopaedic conditions and injuries include the following conditions:
- Muscle strains
- Sprains in the ligament
- Post-operative condition
There are also minor injuries that can be caused by the musculoskeletal system that may lead to pain and limited functional mobility which lead to the loss of a range of motion and strength. These nature of impairments would prevent you from enjoying recreational activities and normal work. The major focus of the orthopaedic physical therapy is to facilitate your range of motion, strength and also overall functional activity. There are specific limitations which the surgeon wants you to adhere to after a surgery. So, opting for the help of an orthopaedic physiotherapist may make your life easier.
Commonly used tools in orthopedic physiotherapy
The most commonly used tools in orthopaedic physiotherapy are:
- Therapeutic modalities like ice, heat, electrical stimulation and ultrasound
- Assistive devices like canes and walkers
- Prosthetics and Orthotics
- Exercise tools and equipment
- Assessment and evaluation tools
- Soft tissue massage or mobilization tools
This is to be noted that not all physiotherapists are the same. Patients with different issues may require different physiotherapists with relevant specializations to manage the condition. Opting to appoint the right physiotherapist can facilitate you in receiving the much desired optimal outcome. A physiotherapist with the right specialization and training can help you to safely return back to the optimal level of functional mobility and health. The physiotherapy centers in Hyderabad offers you expert physiotherapists with different specializations who can offer you the best rehabilitation.